O Loseva, A S Jemth, H E Bryant, H Schuler, L Lehtio, T Karlberg, and T Helleday
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-3 (PARP-3) is a mono-ADP ribosylase that activates PARP-1 in absence of DNA
J Biol Chem, 285(11):8054-60.
The PARP-3 protein is closely related to the PARP-1 and PARP-2 proteins, which are involved in DNA repair and genome maintenance. Here, we characterized the biochemical properties of human PARP-3. PARP-3 is able to ADP-ribosylate itself as well as histone H1, a previously unknown substrate for PARP-3. PARP-3 is not activated upon binding to DNA and is a mono-ADP-ribosylase, in contrast to PARP-1 and PARP-2. PARP-3 interacts with PARP-1 and activates PARP-1 in the absence of DNA, resulting in synthesis of polymers of ADP-ribose. The N-terminal WGR domain of PARP-3 is involved in this activation. The functional interaction between PARP-3 and PARP-1 suggests that it may have a role in DNA repair. However, here we report that PARP-3 small interfering RNA-depleted cells are not sensitive to the topoisomerase I poison camptothecin, inducing DNA single-strand breaks, and repair these lesions as efficiently as wild-type cells. Altogether, these results suggest that the interaction between PARP-1 and PARP-3 is unrelated to DNA single-strand break repair.